Cervical Cancer Prevention in Ghana

The Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

Cervical cancer is caused by infection with a virus called HPV. This virus is passed during sexual relations and is very common among men and women.

Almost all men and women will be exposed to HPV in their lifetime. Most HPV infections go away in a short time without treatment.

In some women, HPV infection continues and can slowly change the cells on the cervix. These changes are called pre-cancer. If not treated, they can develop into cancer of the cervix.


Reduce Your Risk of Getting HPV

The best way to reduce your risk for cervical cancer is to maintain a healthy, monoagmous sexual relationship with one person.

The HPV Vaccine Reduces the Risk of Cervical Cancer

  • All girls should be vaccinated with the HPV vaccine at some time between the ages of 9 and 13.

  • The HPV vaccine prevents infection with the types of HPV that cause most cervical cancers.